Chad Waterbury’s 10-10 Transformation Training and Nutritional System

Are you looking for a complete body transformation but you aren’t sure what to do for workout and diet? Do you have 12 weeks to commit yourself to something that will change the way you look forever? If you want to turn that pear shape into a V-shape with 6 pack abs I recommend you check out my experience with Chad Waterbury’s 10/10 Transformation.

The first thing I have to say is that I am a big fan of Chad Waterbury. He puts out excellent workout programs with his state of the art theories on muscular development and recovery. He’s been the new guy on the block for the last couple of years but has been gaining notoriety quickly because his programs do something very important. They produce real and noticeable results!

Before I continue let me give you a quick bio from his website so you know this isn’t another run of the mill trainer:

Chad is a neurophysiologist and author.

His training methods are used by a wide range of athletes, bodybuilders, models, and fitness enthusiast.

Chad is the director of strength and conditioning at Rickson Gracie Int. Jiu Jitsu Center in LA.

Chad is a regular contributor to the T-Muscle bodybuilding website.

Chad has a master’s degree in physiology from the University of Arizona.

Chad’s focus there was on the neurophysiology of human movement and performance. This lead him to make radical changes in the way he trains competitive athletes. His workouts are now shorter and faster, producing superior results in strength, power, and muscular development.

His eBook, the 10/10 Transformation, is a remarkable triumph of new muscle technology put to work. It’s designed to have you gain 10 pounds of muscle and lose 10 pounds of fat in 12 weeks. Your body weight will be exactly the same but you will look completely different by shedding a few inches off of your waist and adding 10 pounds of pure muscle to your physique. If you can shrink the waistline while beefing up the upper body you will be amazed at the difference you can make in your appearance.

The 10/10 Transformation has several elements that appealed to me. As a fitness enthusiast I am always looking for a great routine that will give real visible results. Standard routines and diets are just plain boring. The 10/10 mixes everything up with challenge and change throughout. It includes a daily diet, daily workout routine, supplement regime, and tips for success. It is a very easy program to follow but you must be ready to commit yourself to some grueling workouts. The program divides itself into four separate three week programs. Your body will not be able to fully adapt to this which means you will get steady results for the entire 12 weeks. The first three weeks is fat loss, followed by 3 weeks of muscle gain, 3 more weeks of fat loss, and a final 3 weeks of muscle gain to add the finishing touch to your body.

By focusing exclusively on either fat burn or muscle gain during each 3 week period you can maximize your results, keep your body off guard, and keep your mind fresh without getting bored. During the 3 week body fat phases you will do 3 full body workouts during the week which vary the rest, rep, and the load of the weight. I did those on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. They only take about 35 minutes but you will be in a full sweat and exhausted at the end. These workouts build muscle and burn fat. You do need to have a bit of conditioning under your belt to tackle these workouts because they will kick your butt. The other two days of the week you do a 20 minute HIIT cardio session. Total time spent in the gym is about 3 hours during the entire week. That’s not much time to drop 5 pounds of fat and get stronger at the same time! During my initial 3 weeks I was a bit loose on the diet having 3-4 cheat meals per week rather than the prescribed 2 (yes you get to eat cheat meals, pizza for me!) At the end of the first 3 weeks I lost 1 inch off of my waist while gaining 2 pounds on the scale. I have found that every inch off my waist equates to 4-5 pounds of fat so I lost about 4 pounds of fat and gained 6 pounds of lean body weight. The difference in my physique was dramatic. You might be thinking that is a lot of mass to gain but I started using creating during that 3 weeks and typically my muscle cells volumize and I gain exactly 6-7 pounds once it is in my system so it was right on target. I lost close to 5 pounds and my muscles had more volume from the creatine.

I went right into the muscle building phase which is a nice change of pace. Waterbury uses something very radical called HFT or High Frequency Training. I trained each muscle about 5 times per week. The weight, reps, sets, and rest periods are changed up each workout so it keeps your body guessing and allows the separate pathways in the muscles time for recovery. I gained a stunning 8 pounds in 3 weeks. I was really sore the first week but got used to it. Part of my success was sticking very close to his diet which recommended a heavy amount of BCAA’s during the entire 3 weeks. High protein, supplemented BCAA’s, and rigorous workouts for 3 weeks put slabs of muscle on quickly. There are no cardio workouts during the 3 weeks because the body needs all of it’s time for rest.

After those 6 weeks I already had a big transformation in my body so the book was already well worth the price. I completed the transformation and can tell you it lives up to its name. The initial 3 week fat burning program is so effective that I have used that segment alone 3 more times during the course of the year when I want to drop 5-6 pounds quickly and gain some muscle.

If you’re looking for something that is extremely effective for fat loss and muscle gain then I highly recommend the 10/10 workout. The diet plan is simple to follow and easy enough for someone that doesn’t have any time to cook or prepare meals. It lays out every detail in this 1 simple book and leaves nothing to chance. The other thing I liked was you will now have 4 routines that you can use at anytime. If you want to lose fat you can pull out one of the two fat burning workouts or on the flip side gain muscle with one of the two 3 week muscle gaining routines.

Complete Assistance in the preparation for the implementation of the SMR/CR can be obtained from us at Complaince Consultant Where we have experience in the banking sector from 2015/2016.

Source by Rick Porter

Improving Your Concentration With NLP Training

The human mind is not easy to control. There are times when we can focus on the task at hand to such a degree that the rest of the world simply melts away. Then there are those moments when the mind goes in a million different directions at once, contrary to our best intentions of focus. Of course, there are also instances when the only thing our mind will focus on is the opposite of what we want to be thinking about!

With NLP training, we can learn to focus when we really need to, when the stakes are high.

First off, let’s highlight a few types of distractions that keep us from concentrating, so we can learn what to avoid. There are two categories of distractions: Internal and External.

Internal Distractions:

* Focusing on the past or the future, as opposed to being present in the moment and making the best out of each situation.

* Negative Self Talk. A few well-timed negative words can be just the thing to get our minds firing off track in a non-productive direction.

* Tiredness.

* Emotional states like fear and anxiety distract our minds and keep us from reaching or goals.

External Distractions:

* Visual Interference (people traffic in your environment, opening doors, bright colors, etc.).

* Audio Interference (music, people talking near you, sounds of traffic, ringing cellphones, etc.).

* Kinesthetic problems like temperature changes, uncomfortable clothing or seating.

* Receiving negative feedback from others.

Many people can focus their peak concentration on a specified goal, but then once that goal is achieved, all concentration goes out the window. How can we achieve sustained mental energy? A large part of this is actually preparation. For instance, when I am preparing for an important event, I start mentally and physically days before hand. I pay special attention to sleeping well, eating a healthy diet, and exercising. The morning of the event, I like to get up early and do meditation and visualization exercises to put my mind a good place.

Apart from these common sense practices, NLP Master Practitioner can help you learn powerful concentration techniques and design an individualized training regime. Some techniques include:

* Removing limits created in the past (NLP Master Practitioner).

* Changing negative self talk into positive self talk (NLP Practitioner + NLP Master Practitioner training).

* Setting anchors on yourself (touch, a word etc), or the capability to step in to a spatial anchor (NLP Practitioner).

* Stepping in to the right perceptual position or new behavior generator (NLP Practitioner).

* Using Visualization Techniques (even a simple STOP sign)

* ‘Switching On’ with TOTE Strategies (NLP Practitioner).

* Model yourself on someone whose excellence you admire (NLP Master Practitioner).

* Practicing being in up-time and in the present (NLP Practitioner and NLP Master Practitioner).

* Sub-modalities (NLP Practitioner).

* Stepping in to the future outcome (NLP Master Practitioner).

* Parts integration (NLP Practitioner, NLP Master Practitioner).

* Core work (NLP Master Practitioner).

Complete Assistance in the preparation for the implementation of the SMR/CR can be obtained from us at Complaince Consultant Where we have experience in the banking sector from 2015/2016.

Source by Nicole Schneider

FCA tells firms to revisit past advice after suitability review

FCA tells firms to revisit past advice after suitability review

The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) has said firms should revisit advice given in the past after it found unacceptable examples of suitability reports as part of a review which involved 700 firms.

In April 2016 the FCA started the review when it asked firms for suitability reports from the previous year.

The regulator has recently begun to send out letters to firms which took part in the review, detailing what it found out about individual firms.

As well as looking at suitability requirements for a particular client, the regulator has commented on whether reports have met disclosure rules and looked for ‘indications of weaknesses’ in the advice process.

Firms which did not meet the regulator’s standards have been told to rethink advice given in the past.

‘Where we have identified issues with your advice process, please consider how these may have affected any clients and what actions need to be taken to improve these processes going forward,’ the letter, seen by New Model Adviser®, said.

‘Where applicable, you should look to revisit any advice that may need reconsideration and possible further action by your firm.’

In the letter, the FCA tells firms whether the suitability report showed the advice was suitable, unsuitable or unclear. It also tells firms if the level of disclosure is acceptable, unclear or unacceptable.

Problems with advice processes are also identified, where the regulator looked to identify problems which may affect other clients not included in the review.

The FCA said that where problems have been identified with a suitability report, advice firms should tell the clients about any missing information.

‘Please revisit the client file and consider how the client can be informed of the necessary information that has been omitted. In addition, consider how the omission of relevant information disclosure might have adversely impacted other clients and consider whether this omission reveals an area in your wider advice process which might be improved,’ it said.

Advice firms have two weeks to contest any inaccuracies in the FCA’s response.

Public findings?

The FCA has so far stopped short of publishing wider findings from the review of suitability reports.

However, under the ‘next steps’ heading in the letter the regulator said it was considering how to publish general findings from the reports to investment advisers.

‘The findings in this letter are specific to your firm and do not constitute general findings from our review. We will not name firms when communicating any general findings,’ it said.

Compliance Consultant can provide past business review services for any size of IFA or Wealth Manager. Please contact our London office on

0203 815 7939 or 0207 097 1434

regulatory,compliance,specialist,consultancy,requirements notice,s166
Source: http://citywire.co.uk/new-model-adviser/news/fca-tells-firms-to-revisit-past-advice-after-suitability-review/a990637

IFA Access Compliance advice on Facebook

Message from the Owner: Hello, my name is Lee Werrell, Chartered Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Securities and Investments and a Fellow of the Institute of Sales & Marketing Management. I have also written the “Compliance Managers Guidebook and Reference) found on Amazon and the book “Conduct Risk”. 

Anyway, you may or may not have heard of me but, either way, I think it’s important to know I’ve just created a brand new “No cost” service to IFAs and Wealth Managers, and the group is already filling up with information and guidance.

And the title of our brand new service is a Facebook Group called “IFA Compliance UK”.

Do you use social media? Do you get great results?

If you search groups for IFAs of Financial Advisers on Facebook here in the UK, the results are pretty poor, in fact it is pathetic, as IFAs are not really using social media effectively, let alone email marketing (two areas that we shine in).

The group is free to join up until the end of April, but after that will revert to subscription membership.

This new service is so revolutionary and new providing you with a peer advice as well as regulatory opinion from Compliance Consultant (a leading UK consultancy), information that you won’t find anywhere else, at the touch of a mouse.

It doesn’t matter if you are a DA or a network firm or even if you conduct your own compliance in-house, sometimes you need a third party to back up or even challenge your own answers. That’s where the group adds value and becomes powerful.

There are 5 great reasons to become a member of our group now.

  1. This service is completely without charge for the first three months. That’s right, open to IFAs of any size and locations that are regulated by the FCA.
  2. Once you are a member, there is no charge, at all, ever (unless you leave and rejoin).
  3. You get qualified and experienced advice from compliance professionals and not just hearsay or a company trainer’s opinion from IFA networking events.
  4. We also have access to hundreds of contractors and specialists (PTS, Complaints etc) if you need them.
  5. We are a leading compliance consultancy in the UK, and
  6. A member of the Association of Compliance Consultants (APCC) the only trade body recognised by and working closely with the regulator.

Join now at https://www.facebook.com/groups/IFAComplianceUK/ or search “IFA Compliance UK” in Facebook and we look forward to seeing you soon.

How Henry Ford’s Invention Inadvertently Caused the Depression

In early 20th century America the vast majority of people living in rural areas eked out a living in agriculture. Farms were small, often sharecropped. The planting and harvesting was labor intensive and horses provided the only source of energy for mechanized tilling. The vagaries of weather and drought have always made farming difficult. Crops were mainly grown for consumption by the farmer’s family, with any extra produce bartered for needed goods.

We are all aware of the history of Henry Ford and his invention of the production line to mass-produce Model-T’s. Ford did not invent the automobile, he simply invented a method to produce cars in mass volumes and make them available for virtually anyone wishing to purchase a horse-less carriage. He also revolutionized the agriculture business with totally unforeseen consequences.

The Ford Motor Company was always seeking new avenues of distribution and business opportunities. Ford had grown up in then-rural Michigan and was immersed in the farm world of the age. In the 1920’s Ford introduced the first mass-produced farm tractor, the Fordson. The machine sold for under $400 and revolutionized farming. It quickly became cheaper and less costly to own and maintain a Fordson tractor than a horse.

Farmers quickly gravitated to the Fordson tractor. Crop yield per acre expanded exponentially. Farmers produced so much crop yield per acre that by the middle of the 1920’s we were growing far more food than the country could consume. Prices plummeted. The need for day laborers declined precipitously and rural unemployment exploded.

The collapse of crop prices, unemployment, and the Great Plains drought were significant contributors to the start of the Great Depression. The Fordson was an amazing improvement in the productivity and ability of farmers to lead more comfortable lifestyles. However, the “Law of Unintended Consequences” reared its ugly head in this instance. The creative disruption caused by this product was thrust on a market that could not adjust efficiently or quickly to its significance.

We have a seemingly similar situation occurring today. We constantly read headlines about the dying manufacturing sector in the United States. Politicians love to visit deserted factories and decry the decline of manufacturing in a wide range of formerly profitable industries. And yet, manufacturing in America is setting records for volumes produced, shipped and invoiced. How can this dichotomy exist?

As with the Fordson tractors 1920’s introduction to farmers, today’s manufacturing has evolved dramatically and created disruptive technologies. Robots, software, customized computer models, computer assisted design and modern communications mean that we produce ever more sophisticated products, in greater volumes, and at lower prices, while needing fewer workers per unit of production. The workers that are needed today require better education, and skills than the production line workers of yore.

When I was growing up in an industrial area of America in the 1960’s many of my contemporaries went to work with their fathers at the local mill or factory. These were overwhelmingly union jobs. Each of my buddies at that time thought they would be employed for life like their fathers had been. It has worked out that none are where they started, not one.

The displacement is as painful today as it was on the farm of the 1920’s. However, the benefits to society accruing from modern manufacturing technologies and systems, just like the advances in farming owing to mechanization, cannot be denied. Only the Luddites of the 19th century and there modern adherents believe life is not more comfortable today and more people have more access to more goods and services at lower prices that at any time in history.

Change is hard and often inconvenient. We live during an age of massive change unlike any time in history. The understanding of and acceptance of modern realities insure that most people will benefit from advances in technology. Those that do not want to change and accept the new order of things will be left behind.

Henry Ford did not sell the Fordson tractor to instigate the Great Depression. The product was a small, inadvertent contributing factor. The inability of markets of that day to allocate resources and find markets for the massive increases in crops harvested was a systemic failure. Today, we manufacture products that are consumed quickly and create the thirst for more inventions and technologically advances. We are all better off as a result.

Complete Assistance in the preparation for the implementation of the SMR/CR can be obtained from us at Complaince Consultant Where we have experience in the banking sector from 2015/2016.

Source by Geoff Ficke

How Does The FCA and PRA Big Brother Thing Work? (Infographic)

Of course there are many other ways that the regulator may hear about something detrimental, but we have shown the mainstream areas here.

Members of our retainer Call Anytime Service get access to the “Regulatory Crisis” help we provide and will receive free regular updates and information. See the “Shop” for details.

Ask Anytime Service for SMEs

“Who Else Wants To Have Compliance Answers – Fast .”

Dear Friend,

My name is Lee Werrell. You may or may not have heard of me. Either way I think it’s important to know I’ve just created a brand new Service to IFAs and Wealth Managers filled with secrets that will completely change the face of your business forever.

And the title of our brand new service is called “Ask Anytime”.

“This new service is so revolutionary and new providing you with a wealth of information so fast, that you won’t find hardly anywhere else, if you find it anywhere at all. Because these services are exactly what elite, top performing Financial Services use.”

If you are a directly authorised or even a network firm, you will typically use someone else for your compliance services, and we have worked with many of them over the years, but they all have some limitations and failings to you in their service. Even if you conduct your own compliance in-house, sometimes you need a third party to back up or even challenge your own answer.

If you ever have a regulatory intervention, a visit from the regulator or one of “those” letters, you will need an independent view to provide guidance in how to formulate your response.

Many IFAs and Wealth Managers comment to us that on contacting their third party services, they often feel let down.

This is likely to get worse as they take on more and more smaller firms that can no longer face isolation, and either sell up or sell into larger firms.

The biggest complaints we hear are;

  • No answer – so many “compliance services” don’t respond in a timely fashion.
  • A delayed answer – how many times have you waited days, even weeks for a compliance related answer?
  • The run around, while they try to find out who they can get to talk to you.
  • Explaining your query and the situation only to be told you have gone through to the wrong department.
  • You get to play telephone tag when they finally call you back, missing each other’s calls.

These issues are just the top five issues. Pretty amazing stuff. Have you had that happen to you? And there’s more…much, much more!

But why would you – or should you – listen to me?

Well, it’s simple. . .

Compliance Consultant has been around for the last 16 years and have operated in all the major areas of compliance in UK financial services. We have dealt with EU regulation and its interpretation, we have redesigned processes and procedures for sales teams, created contemporary and compliant governance, we sell an online “Compliance Manual” Template, that has been purchased by all sizes of financial services firms from small PSPs and IFAs through to Private Banks and Stockbrokers. Additionally, I personally was appointed as a skilled person to conduct S166 reports in 2012 and I am a Chartered Fellow. We have saved companies regulatory capital and have conducted past business reviews for firms that were selling or even going to court. I was also an IFA myself and selling for 13 years up to 2000.

Now, if you’re wondering why I told you all that…here it is.

I understand what it means to be at the receiving end. I know what it feels like to be unsure of what you are being asked to do or provide. On the other hand, I also understand how it feels to breakthrough and succeed. Because of this, I made a promise that if I ever discovered the secrets to becoming successful in the Financial Services industry, I would share them with as many deserving people as I could.

Business is not all about turnover, profit, costs and earning per sale, it’s about relationships. Whenever I see someone getting treated as a revenue generating unit, I cringe. If I know the answer that someone is seeking, or perhaps more importantly, know where to look for that answer, I will step in and help them. And I’ve done that several times.

But, I realise that that is only a tiny fraction of the people who could benefit from our new service. Which is why I want to give you a quick “sneak peek” at what’s inside.

As a member, 

  • you can keep the relationship with your existing compliance services provider
  • you get access to our service when you need answers fast!
  • you will have an answer within 48 working hours maximum, but usually a lot faster.
  • The person that takes your call will take ownership for that query.
  • Anyone who answers your call will be qualified to at least frame the issue and know where to get the answer.
  • We will call you back at a time to suit you – no telephone tag
  • If you need greater support and assistance, we can provide it for some great rates
  • You will get updates and information on developments and impacts on your business.
  • We will keep a log of your enquiries and send you a copy every quarter
  • And much, much more!

Here’s the deal: I’ve done everything in my power to ensure you will succeed using this Service, and have peace of mind. And there’s no doubt in my mind that you’ll love once you become a member.

But, if by some off chance you’re not, I’m offering a…

100% Risk-Free Money Back Guarantee.

That means you can actually give a try and if – for any reason – you’re not happy with it, I’ll quickly return every penny you paid for up to the previous 12 months. No hassles. No questions asked.

By the way, just in case you were wondering, here’s why I chose this guarantee.

  1. With my guarantee, you’ll have more than enough time to go through to see if it’s really for you. (And I believe it is.)
  2. It takes all the risk away from you, and puts it all on me. It forces me to put my “money where my mouth is“. So either this works as promised…or you’ll get back every penny.
  3. I’m 100% confident that will deliver extraordinary results. In fact, I believe in it so strongly that I’ll bet by the time you’re finished using our service, any chance of you not being happy will be a distant memory.
  4. And there is no VAT!
There is only an 8 day qualification period before you can start to use the service!

So what are you waiting for?

Every compliance and risk question you may have in the future.

Don’t miss out on this one-of-a-kind offer that will help you in your business or your money back.

To your success,

P.S. One Warning: I don’t know how long I’ll keep at this low price. I can only offer a certain number at this low price, or offer it for a limited time, so while this offer is still available, you should take advantage of it!

P.P.S. I’ve just finished up a 1 bonuses that I know you’re sure to love. And here they are:

“How to Quickly Master Time Management” as sold on Amazon at over £16

The best part is these bonuses are valued at ! So don’t wait. Order today!

Standard Tests for Carpet Tiles

Specifying floor covering for a commercial application requires at least a passing understanding of how it will perform in the workplace.Unfortunately, markings like “contract quality” or “heavy domestic” are open to interpretation, making it difficult for the specifier to make an informed decision.

Simon Lawrence of UK carpet tile specialist, Bürofloor, offers some insight into the standard tests that can be applied to carpet that has to perform – and last – in the punishing commercial environment.

Commercial premises place heavy performance requirements on any sort of floor covering. When coffee gets spilt at home there’s an immediate flurry of mopping and spraying with stain remover. In the workplace it’s more likely to be ignored and then walked on by unwiped outdoor shoes. Your sofa at home gets moved when you need to remove dust or dinky toys from underneath it. The castor chairs in your office travel miles, boring holes in the carpet tiles as they do so.

This means that we need a benchmark by which we can judge the suitability of carpet or carpet tiles for commercial contract use. Fortunately there are standardised tests to provide Euronorm (EN) and International Standards Organisation (ISO) certification. Genuine heavy contract products should carry the standards described here.

ISO 8543 – Effective Pile Weight

Carpet tiles need dense, closely-grouped pile to provide the required wear resistance. To provide a standard for this, ISO 8543 specifies a method of shaving the carpet down to its backing. It simply measures the mass of the pile removed in grams per square metre. In general, the greater the pile mass, the harder-wearing will be the carpet tile.

ISO 1765 – Total thickness

This is another relatively simple test. In this case the carpet tile is compressed by a standard weight, and then its thickness is measured to the nearest 0.1mm.

EN 1963 – Lisson Treadwheel Test

This test measures the carpet’s resistance to scuffing, in particular highlighting how strongly the pile tufts are secured. The treadwheel is positioned above the carpet to be tested and rolled to and fro across the sample 400 times. The wheel turns slightly faster than it moves across the carpet creating a severe scuffing effect. The tested carpet sample is compared to the master samples and is rated accordingly. This is a particularly aggressive test, literally ripping some types of carpet tile to shreds. A pass under EN1963 is a strong indicator of good wear resistance.

ISO 10361 – Accelerated Wear Testing

This standard is particularly relevant for carpet tiles that will be used in an office. It’s composed of two tests, the Vetterman drum test and the castor chair test.

Vetterman Drum Test

The Vetterman Drum Test is intended to simulate heavy, focused footfall. Foot traffic tends to be concentrated around doorways or narrow passages between desks, and these areas can quickly become threadbare.

The carpet for testing is fixed inside a revolving metal drum. A heavy (7.5Kg) ball, covered in hard rubber protrusions, is placed inside the drum and is allowed to bounce around freely. The carpet is subjected to two test programmes, one of 5,000 rotations of the drum and one of 22,000 rotations.

The carpet is then visually judged against master wear samples and is given a rating for how well it has withstood the effects of the test.

The visual inspections of the carpet give results from 1 to 5 for both 5,000 and 22,000 rotations and the final result is a combination of the two results according to the formula below;

Total Result = 0.75 x Result after 5,000 rotations + 0.25 x result after 22,000 rotations

A result of 2 or more is a pass

A result of 2.4 or more is a pass for intensive use

Castor Chair Test

Castor chairs are particularly damaging, and the ragged holes they wear in floor coverings can represent a tripping hazard. The results of this test should be an essential part of the office carpet specification.

The test rig rolls a three-castored chair, carrying a weight of 90kg, across the carpet. Two samples are used, one run for 5,000 and one for 25,000 cycles.

The tested samples are visually assessed against standard samples and are rated on a scale of 1-5. The final result for the test is given according to the formula below;

Total Result = 0.75 x Result after 5,000 rotations + 0.25 x result after 25,000 rotations

ISO/DIS 10965 – Electrical Resistance

This test is particularly important for contract carpet that could well find itself in computer rooms where a build up of static electricity could damage valuable equipment.

The carpet sample to be tested must be acclimatized for at least 7 days before the test at a temperature of 23+/-1°C and 25+/-2% relative humidity. This is because humidity impacts so greatly on conductivity of textiles and must be controlled rigorously to get a meaningful test.

In this test regime the horizontal resistance and vertical resistance of the carpet is measured (in Ohms).

Horizontal resistance: An isolating underlay is placed under the carpet tile sample which should be pile upward. 2 electrodes are connected to the tile 200 mm apart and the resistance in Ohms is measured between them.

Vertical resistance: Here the electrodes are above and below the carpet tile and the resistance in Ohms is measured between them.

Measurements of less than 1010 Ohms are necessary for computer rooms.

ISO 3415 – Static Loading (Compression test)

This test is designed to see how much the carpet is compressed by a weight placed on it. It replicates the effect of furniture on the carpet.

The thickness is measured before compression

A pressure of 220 kPa is applied for 15, 30 and 60 minutes.

The result is simply given in the loss of thickness in mm after

a recovery period of 1 hour.

ISO 140-8 Acoustic Properties

The test equipment for this standard consists of two spaces, one above the other and 5 hammers, each of 500 gr. The first test is to measure impact absorption – i.e. how much impact noise is absorbed by the carpet sample.

First of all the hammers are allowed to free fall onto the floor of the upper space from a height of 4 cm, each striking the floor 10 times / second. The noise in decibels is recorded in the space below.

The test is then repeated with the addition of the sample carpet to the floor of the higher space.

The difference in decibels is the amount of impact noise that has been absorbed by the carpet sample. This test is interesting in that it shows how well carpet performs to stop noise transmission compared to other floorcoverings like wood or vinyl.

For ISO 354 the absorption of ambient noise is measured. Noise of different frequencies; (125 – 250 – 500 – 1000 – 2000) are broadcast down into a room of 200m³ and the amount of noise bounced back from the floor is measured. This is then compared with the noise reflected by the floor when covered with sample material. A result of 0.5 in this test shows that 50% of the noise that would have been reflected was absorbed by the test sample and that the remaining 50% was reflected by it.

ISO 2551 – Dimensional Stability and EN 986 for tiles

Carpet tiles must maintain their dimensions ±0.02% after the following treatments:

Heating to a temperature of 60°C for 2 hours

Bathing in water at a temperature of 20°C for 2 hours

Further heating to a temperature of 60°C for 24 hours

Conditioning in normal atmospheric conditions for 48 hours

These treatments demonstrate that the tiles will retain their integrity in the toughest conditions like hot water cleaning and extreme temperatures.

Cost of Ownership

All floor coverings carry a hidden expense in the form of replacement costs. In commercial premises this cost is raised further by the business disruption of installing new carpet tiles. Buying unwisely will inevitably lead to higher expense. A reputable supplier should respond positively to a request for test data. Hopefully the information in this article will help make sense of the test specifications and support a properly informed choice.

Complete Assistance in the preparation for the implementation of the SMR/CR can be obtained from us at Complaince Consultant Where we have experience in the banking sector from 2015/2016.

Source by Simon Lawrence

Women Empowerment – Myth Or Reality

You can tell the condition of a nation by looking at the status of its women.

– Jawaharlal Nehru

Empowerment of any section of a society is a myth until they are conferred equality before law. The foundation of freedom, justice and fraternity is based on the recognition of the inherent dignity and of equal and inalienable rights to all the members of the society. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted and proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 10th December 1948, envisaged in Article 2 that “every one is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this declaration without distinction of any kind.”

It has traditionally been accepted that the thread of family weaves the fabric of Indian society. Women are considered as the hub center of the family. Still, in the era of political domination by foreigners, the women in India suffered most. A few social reform measures were taken towards the later 19th and early 20th century during the British regime. The inception of Mahatma Gandhi in the National freedom movement ushered a new concept of mass mobilization. Women constituted about 50% of the country’s total population, he, therefore, involved women in the nation’s liberation movement. The mass participation of women directly in the freedom struggle was the great divide in the history of (Feminist movement) empowerment of women. They shed age-old disabilities and shared the responsibility of liberation of their motherland with their counter parts. The freedom of India thus became synonymous with the empowerment of women. In this context the date of India’s political freedom (August 15, 1947) is a landmark in the history of women empowerment in India. It brought in its wake a great consciousness in our society for human dignity. It was realized that every citizen of independent India be accorded equal treatment under the law.

This is the urban age and Women along with men are here to make an impact, let’s not ignore them, let’s listen and prioritize them. In almost all societies through history, Women have occupied secondary position vis-à-vis men.

Women’s rights and issues have always been a subject of serious concern of academicians, intelligentsia and policy makers. From pastoral society to contemporary information and global society, the role of Women has changed drastically. The role of a typical “Grihani” (house wife) who catered to all the requirements of the house holds including the rearing and upbringing of children in various sub roles of daughter, daughter-in-law, wife, mother, aunt etc. has been played quite efficiently. The continuity of changes in socio-economic and psycho-cultural aspects of human living has influenced the role of Women. With the process of Industrialization, Modernization and Globalization showing its deep impact on the human society all over the world, the role and responsibilities of Women has attained new definition and perspective. Further this has also led to addition of responsibilities and widened the role of Women who also shares the financial responsibilities.

The Women issues have received tremendous attention in the planning circle and in wide intellectual discussions and forums at national and global platforms. However the existing lacuna in the formulation and execution of the policies has not changed the grass root situation to a great extent. On the encouraging front, in the South Asian countries there have been relatively increasing economic participation in past one decade. Statistically the rate of literacy among Women has also increased. The educational and occupational patterns have also changed and widened with Women entering the domains, which till decade back was considered to be dominated by men. Further there has been encouraging rise in the percentage of the Women joining service sector especially Banking and Information Technology. In the background of the gigantic transformation, the core issue, which still remains unanswered, is that of Women’s right and empowerment.

The Women rights are the means by which a dignified living is ensured thereby safeguarding her privileges. Thus the basic fundamental rights of speech, freedom and decision-making are her basic rights as an individual and citizen. The right for education and employment are significant for Women development and national development in the wider sense. The power and freedom to exercise these rights is Women empowerment. Women rights and empowerment are not independent of each other. The Women empowerment can only be facilitated only if she is able to exercise her right in the socio-economic spheres of decision-making.

AN OVERVIEW

India, with a population of 989 million, is the world’s second most populous country. Of that number, 120 million are Women who live in poverty.

India has 16 percent of the world’s population, but only 2.4 percent of its land, resulting in great pressures on its natural resources.

Over 70 percent of India’s population currently derives their livelihood from land resources, which includes 84 percent of the economically-active Women.

India is one of the few countries where males significantly outnumber females, and this imbalance has increased over time. India’s maternal mortality rates in rural areas are among the worlds highest. From a global perspective, Indian accounts for 19 percent of all lives births and 27 percent of all maternal deaths.

“There seems to be a consensus that higher female mortality between ages one and five and high maternal mortality rates result in a deficit of females in the population. In the year 1990 it was estimated that deaths of young girls in India exceed those of young boys by over 300,000 each year, and every sixth infant death is specifically due to gender discrimination.” Of the 15 million baby girls born in India each year, nearly 25 percent will not live to see their 15th birthday.

The Indian constitution grants Women equal rights with men, but strong patriarchal traditions persist, with Women’s lives shaped by customs that are centuries old. In most Indian families, a daughter is viewed as a liability, and she is conditioned to believe that she is inferior and subordinate to men. Sons are idolized and celebrated. May you be the mother of a hundred sons is a common Hindu wedding blessing.

The origin of the Indian idea of appropriate female behavior can be traced to the rules laid down by Manu in 200 B.C.: “by a young girl, by a young woman, or even by an aged one, nothing must be done independently, even in her own house”. “In childhood a female must be subject to her father, in youth to her husband, when her lord is dead to her sons; a woman must never be independent.”

WOMEN ARE MALNOURISHED

The exceptionally high rates of malnutrition in South Asia are rooted deeply in the soil of inequality between men and Women.

This point is made in the article, The Asian Enigma, published by Unicef in the 1996 Progress of Nations, in which the rates of childhood malnutrition in South Asia are compared with those in Africa. We learn that malnutrition is far worse in South Asia, directly due to the fact that Women in South Asia have less voice and freedom of movement than in Africa despite the fact that in comparison to Africa , Asia is far more better in terms of economy.

MATERNAL MORTALITY

India’s maternal mortality rates in rural areas are among the highest in the world.

A factor that contributes to India’s high maternal mortality rate is the reluctance to seek medical care for pregnancy – it is viewed as a temporary condition that will disappear. The estimates nationwide are that only 40-50 percent of Women receive any antenatal care. Evidence from the states of Bihar, Rajasthan, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat find registration for maternal and child health services to be as low as 5-22 percent in rural areas and 21-51 percent in urban areas.

Even a woman who has had difficulties with previous pregnancies is usually treated with home remedies only for three reasons: the decision that a pregnant woman seek help rests with the mother-in-law and husband; financial considerations; and fear that the treatment may be more harmful than the malady.

JOB IMPACT ON MATERNAL HEALTH

“Working conditions result in premature and stillbirths.”

The tasks performed by Women are usually those that require them to be in one position for long periods of time, which can adversely affect their reproductive health. A study in a rice-growing belt of coastal Maharashtra found that 40 percent of all infant deaths occurred in the months of July to October. The study also found that a majority of births were either premature or stillbirths. The study attributed this to the squatting position that had to be assumed during July and August, the rice transplanting months.

WOMEN ARE UNEDUCATED

“Women and girls receive far less education than men, due both to social norms and fears of violence.”

India has the largest population of non-school-going working girls.

Although substantial progress has been achieved since India won its independence in 1947, when less than 8 percent of females were literate, the gains have not been rapid enough to keep pace with population growth: there were 16 million more illiterate females in 1991 than in 1981.

WOMEN ARE OVERWORKED

“Women work longer hours and their work is more arduous than men’s. Still, men report that “Women, like children, eat and do nothing.”

Women work roughly twice as many as many hours as men.

Women’s contribution to agriculture – whether it be subsistence farming or commercial agriculture – when measured in terms of the number of tasks performed and time spent, is greater than men. “The extent of Women’s contribution is aptly highlighted by a micro study conducted in the Indian Himalayas which found that on a one-hectare farm, a pair of bullocks works 1,064 hours, a man 1,212 hours and a woman 3,485 hours in a year.”

THE INVISIBILITY OF WOMEN’S WORK

Women’s work is rarely recognized.

Many maintain that Women’s economic dependence on men impacts their power within the family. With increased participation in income-earning activities, not only will there be more income for the family, but gender inequality should be reduced. This issue is particularly salient in India because studies show a very low level of female participation in the labor force. This under-reporting is attributed to the frequently held view that Women’s work is not economically productive.

Women’s employment in family farms or businesses is rarely recognized as economically productive, either by men or Women. And, any income generated from this work is generally controlled by the men. Such work is unlikely to increase Women’s participation in allocating family finances. In a 1992 study of family-based texile workers, male children who helped in a home-based handloom mill were given pocket money, but the adult Women and girls were not.

WOMEN ARE ILLTREATED

“Violence against Women and girls is the most pervasive human rights violation in the world today.”

“Opening the door on the subject of violence against the world’s females is like standing at the threshold of an immense dark chamber vibrating with collective anguish, but with the sounds of protest throttled back to a murmur. Where there should be outrage aimed at an intolerable status quo there is instead denial, and the largely passive acceptance of ‘the way things are.”

Male violence against Women is a worldwide phenomenon. Although not every woman has experienced it, and many expect not to, fear of violence is an important factor in the lives of most Women. It determines what they do, when they do it, where they do it, and with whom. Fear of violence is a cause of Women’s lack of participation in activities beyond the home, as well as inside it. Within the home, Women and girls may be subjected to physical and sexual abuse as punishment or as culturally justified assaults. These acts shape their attitude to life, and their expectations of themselves.

In recent years, there has been an alarming rise in atrocities against Women in India. Every 26 minutes a woman is molested. Every 34 minutes a rape takes place. Every 42 minutes a sexual harassment incident occurs. Every 43 minutes a woman is kidnapped. And every 93 minutes a woman is burnt to death over dowry.

One-quarter of the reported rapes involve girls under the age of 16 but the vast majority are never reported. Although the penalty is severe, convictions are rare.

WOMEN ARE POWERLESS

Legal protection of Women’s rights have little effect in the face of prevailing patriarchal traditions.

Be it in the case of Marriage:

“Women are subordinate in most marriages.”

Child Marriages

“Child marriages keep Women subjugated.”

Dowries:

Women are kept subordinate, and are even murdered, by the practice of dowry.

Divorce:

Divorce is not a viable option.

Divorce is rare – it is a considered a shameful admission of a woman’s failure as a wife and daughter-in-law. In 1990, divorced Women made up a minuscule 0.08 percent of the total female population.

Maintenance rights of Women in the case of divorce are weak. Although both Hindu and Muslim law recognize the rights of Women and children to maintenance, in practice, maintenance is rarely set at a sufficient amount and is frequently violated.

Inheritance

Women’s rights to inheritance are limited and frequently violated.

In the mid-1950s the Hindu personal laws, which apply to all Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs and Jains, were overhauled, banning polygamy and giving Women rights to inheritance, adoption and divorce. The Muslim personal laws differ considerably from that of the Hindus, and permit polygamy. Despite various laws protecting Women’s rights, traditional patriarchal attitudes still prevail and are strengthened and perpetuated in the home.

EMPOWERMENT AND WOMEN: VARIABLE IN INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

The World Bank has identified empowerment as one of the key constituent elements of poverty reduction, and as a primary development assistance goal. The Bank has also made gender mainstreaming a priority in development assistance, and is in the process of implementing an ambitious strategy to this effect. The promotion of Women’s empowerment as a development goal is based on a dual argument: that social justice is an important aspect of human welfare and is intrinsically worth pursuing; and that Women’s empowerment is a means to other ends. A recent policy research report by the World Bank, for example, identifies gender equality both as a development objective in itself, and as a means to promote growth, reduce poverty and promote better governance. A similar dual rationale for supporting Women’s empowerment has been articulated in the policy statements put forth at several high level international conferences in the past decade (e.g. the Beijing Platform for Action, the Beijing declaration and resolution, the Cairo Programme of Action, the Millennium Declaration, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.

Yet to date neither the World Bank nor any other major development agency has developed a rigorous method for measuring and tracking changes in levels of empowerment. In the absence of such measures, it is difficult for the international development community to be confident that their efforts to empower women are succeeding and that this important Millennium Development Goal will be achieved.

Thus, this review attempts to the following:

1. An indication of the different ways in which empowerment has been conceptualized;

2. A critical examination of some of the approaches that have been developed to measure and track changes in Women’s empowerment;

3. An examination of some of the ways in which the effects of policies and programmatic interventions to promote Women’s empowerment have been measured;

4. A summary of the evidence on how Women’s empowerment affects important development outcomes such as health, education, fertility behavior, income levels, etc.

How Should Empowerment be Operationally Defined?

“Empowerment” has been used to represent a wide range of concepts and to describe a proliferation of outcomes. The term has been used more often to advocate for certain types of policies and intervention strategies than to analyze them, as demonstrated by a number of documents from the United Nations, the Association for Women in Development, the Declaration made at the Micro-credit Summit, and other organizations. Feminist activist writings often promote empowerment of individuals and organizations of Women but vary in the extent to which they conceptualize or discuss how to identify it.

Relevant studies describe empowerment as “the enhancement of assets and capabilities of diverse individuals and groups to engage, influence and hold accountable the institutions which affect them.” In general, Women do not take a central place in much of the literature on social inclusion or empowerment.

The Process of Empowerment

There are various attempts in the literature to develop a comprehensive understanding of empowerment through breaking the process down into key components.

MEASURING WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT

Measuring Empowerment from a Universalist Perspective

As we move from a discussion of conceptualizing empowerment to measuring it, it is important to note that measures of empowerment must involve standards that lie outside localized gender systems and a recognition of universal elements of gender subordination.

As we move from a discussion of conceptualizing empowerment to measuring it, it is important to note that measures of empowerment must involve standards that lie outside localized gender systems and a recognition of universal elements of gender subordination (Sen and Grown 1987; Bisnath and Elson 1999; Nussbaum 2000). It is clear from the literature on gender and empowerment that the role of gender in development cannot be understood without understanding the socio-cultural (as well as political and economic) contexts in which development takes place. The concept of empowerment only has meaning within these specific contexts. At the same time, operational definitions (e.g. definitions embodied in indicators to be applied in the context of development assistance policies, programs, and projects) should be consistent with the spirit of international conventions to which countries providing international development assistance have been signatories. The approach based in universal human rights offers the best operational framework for this task.

Because empowerment is multi-dimensional, researchers must use care in constructing index or scale variables relating to empowerment Such variables may mask differential effects of interventions on distinct aspects of empowerment. Inappropriate combining of items relating to gender and empowerment may also mask differential effects of the component variables on outcomes of interest.

CHALLENGES TO MEASURING EMPOWERMENT

Empowerment is Context Specific

One of the major difficulties in measuring empowerment is that the behaviors and attributes that signify empowerment in one context often have different meanings elsewhere. For example, a shift in women’s ability to visit a health center without getting permission from a male household member may be a sign of empowerment in rural Bangladesh but not in, for example, urban Peru. Context can also be important in determining the extent to which empowerment at the household or individual level is a determinant of development outcomes.

CRITICAL PARADIGMS

There are certain critical paradigms, which need to be examined from the point of view of women issues.

1. Constitutional Provisions and Policies: The principle of gender equality is enshrined in the Constitution of India (in the Preamble and fundamental rights) where by the constitution upholds and grants the equality to women. The National commission for women, which was set up in 1990 through an Act of Parliament to safeguard the rights and legal entitlements of women, is considered to be the apex body to ensure rights and work towards the women empowerment. In terms of five-year plans the fifth five-year plan (1974-78) is considered to be very crucial from the point of view of women development with 1975 being declared as International Year of Women.

The 73rd and 74th Amendments of constitution of India in 1993 are landmarks to ensure political empowerment of women. These provisions surely ensure of legal protection of women’s rights, but socio-economic rights of freedom and decision-making is still not realized to the extent of social empowerment. One of the reasons is the rigid patriarchal structure of the Indian Society.

National Policy for the empowerment of women (2001):

The goal of the National Policy for the empowerment of women is to bring about the advancement, development and empowerment of women. Some of the specific objectives of this policy are: a) Creating an environment through positive economic and social policies for full development of women to enable them to realize their full potential, b) Equal access to health care, quality education at all levels, career and vocational guidance etc, c) Elimination of discrimination and all forms of violence against women and girl child.

The policy also provides for economic empowerment through poverty eradication, micro credit programmes, training of women to facilitate them in playing efficient role in agriculture and industry. The social empowerment of women is facilitated through effective provisions of Education, Health, Nutrition, Drinking water and Sanitation, gender sensitization etc. Elimination of all forms of violence against women, physical and mental, whether at domestic or societal levels, including those arising from customs, traditions and accepted practices.

The effective implementation of the policy at all levels can be a gigantic step for women development and can set an example for other countries in South Asia.

WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT ISSUES AND REMEDIES IN INDIA

Empowerment of women is a gradual and complicated process. It involves changing the way of thinking of the whole society. From long time it has been stamped on the minds of the people that women are inferior to men. It is not easy to change the stubborn attitude of the people. In rural India, Women have inadequate access to education, health facilities, healthy diet etc.

In India gradually the percentage of working women is rising. Only by contributing towards income of the family the women can get rid of the status of “burden”.

Entrepreneur women can positively contribute to attain the goal of women empowerment. Entrepreneurship provides women for what she is longing for – control over the resources and power of decision making. Such women can help in poverty alleviation by providing job opportunities for many other deserving women.

Surveys have proved that a large percentage of educated but not trained women are present in the country. Such women can be given training in a specific field like making homemade papads or pickles, handicrafts and many such things and can start their own small enterprise.

Self-employment is a blessing for poor and deserving women as sufficient job opportunities are not available in the country. In small sector, the women may be owner of the enterprise may be a manager or controller or may be a worker in the enterprise.

Tenth plan is initiating women empowerment by implementing specific strategies like such social environment would be created by providing necessary services so that women would be proficient to utilize their potential, To make the women economically self-reliant, proper training would be provided to them. Equal rights for the women would be provided so that there is no social, political discrimination against her.

In the present scenario, where phenomenal advancements are occurring in each and every sphere, women empowerment has become crucial for alleviating poverty and procuring over all growth.

We can not abscond the fact that Women’s rights are human rights and should be treated as such. .The fact that women’s rights need to be safeguarded in every country of the world cannot be overemphasized. In a historic decision, the Rajasthan government is changing the service rules to punish employees who are found guilty of torturing their wives. As reported in a national daily, the punishment could involve sacking and action would correspond the crime, with punishments including suspension and stoppage of increments.

A small step forward in terms of marriage was taken when the Hindu Marriage Act was enacted in 1955. The term Hindu in this case includes Buddhists, Jains, Sikhs and their denominations. Several laws have been enacted including the Child Marriage Restraint Act of 1929 and the current Special Marriage Act,1954 which governs civil marriages. In this Act, for a boy and girl to get married they must have completed 21 and 18 years of age respectively. Bigamy is prohibited in this Act and each party is expected to give consent to the marriage. For a civil marriage, three witnesses are necessary. Progressive laws such as these protect the woman. Under the Islamic law, marriage is considered a contract and a nikaah is performed with several do’s and don’ts. The Parsis are governed by the Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1936. Christians are governed by the Christian Marriage Act, 1872 and the marriage usually takes place in a church.

The report on the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) released by the Government recently mentions the steps taken by it to contain the negative impact of restructuring of the economy that India has embarked upon. The Government of India made special efforts to increase its support for social sectors and started a number of schemes aimed at the poor, particularly poor women and women in the informal sector. These include the Rashtriya Mahila Kosh and the Mahila Samakhya programs.

Keeping in line with the governmentýs policy on equal opportunity, there are 65 women in senior positions in the Indian Foreign Service around the world. For the first time after Independence the highest post in the Foreign Service, is to be occupied by a female foreign secretary, Chokila Iyer. It is commendable that despite various hurdles and mindsets, the Government has managed to ensure equal career opportunities for women.

The government has taken a number of steps and enacted a number of legislations to protect and safeguard women and ensure that their rights are not abused. One such measure is the Maternity Benefits Act, 1961.

RECOMMENDATIONS

We propose the following next steps for moving forward the agenda on measuring women’s empowerment:

1. Development of a framework of domains or dimensions that can be applied across settings would be the natural next step for building on the strengths of the existing literature on the conceptualization of empowerment. Procedures for determining indicators for each domain, at different levels of aggregation, and across contexts, should also be developed. This effort would move the measurement of women’s empowerment agenda forward considerably by allowing for greater specification of exactly what aspect of empowerment-i.e. which dimension-is of interest, and realistic specifications of the type of change that can be expected over a specific period of time, and given specific interventions. It would also move forward efforts to develop context-specific measures that more closely resemble what they are meant to measure and reduce the reliance on proxy measures.

2. Better, more coordinated efforts at data collection are needed. For example, the process component of women’s empowerment cannot be effectively captured in any measurement scheme without the availability of data across time. Attention to process also requires a discussion of the appropriate time periods for data collection of various types of indicators. At the aggregate level, a broader range of more sophisticated, gender- disaggregated data are needed with regard to the labor force, market conditions, legal and political rights, political and social processes. At the household level, data need to be more frequently collected for important, but relatively under-utilized indicators such as time use or violence against women.

3. Greater attention to measuring women’s empowerment at “meso” levels is required along with efforts at documenting the impact of program and policy interventions. For programmatic and policy evaluation, existing models of monitoring and evaluation that are effective need to be tapped, and their adequacy for women’s empowerment as an outcome or intermediary process should be assessed. At a minimum, quasi-experimental evaluation designs and the collection of baseline and endline data must be considered in implementing programs aimed at empowering women. Measurement of institutional and normative change in communities requires new and innovative approaches. One approach to consider is the business school model of case studies. Documentation through narratives which are then analyzed using qualitative techniques would be another option. Exploration of the work on collective action may also provide further guidance. This is clearly an area where a review of lessons learned from related efforts and cross- disciplinary approaches would be helpful.

4. Greater interdisciplinary engagement is necessary to develop indicators and approaches that capture the key elements of women’s empowerment, have scientific merit, and acceptability among important stakeholders. Although at this stage we have drawn only from literature that has been at the core of the discourse on women’s empowerment, it is clear that continued efforts at moving this work forward would benefit from drawing on a wide range of disciplines. Moreover, based on what we reviewed from sociology, demography, economics, and anthropology, it is clear that there is overlap, but not much interaction across disciplines. Further interdisciplinary engagement would greatly facilitate the task of translating the current consensus on conceptualization to the actual measurement of women’s empowerment.

CONCLUSION

As UN Secretary General Kofi Annan has stated, “Gender equality is more than a goal in itself. It is a precondition for meeting the challenge of reducing poverty, promoting sustainable development and building good governance.”

In a globalizing world, gender equality and empowerments of women are vital tools-to achieve sustainable developments of societies, and are even admitted by the fools!

Still, the violence towards women is an epidemic against which no country is immune-

And today, we face the greater challenges of human rights and a non-melodious tune!

In the arena of politics, the poor are excluded from governance, regardless of the gender- And women are victims of other people’s decisions ‘Cause they are assumed to be tender! So the entire spectrum of women’s roles to combat poverty, hunger, and disease- Need to be re-examined under the new Millennium lights before the roles decease! Impacts of modern conflicts now affect the global women and girls without a doubt- But they’re neither initiators nor prosecutors of conflicts, or matching game of shout! Determined efforts must be taken to end the impunity surrounding this lamentable claw- And the perpetrators must be brought to justice, and told that they are not above the law!

Only through action to remedy discrimination against women can the vision of India’s independence – an India where all people have the chance to live health and productive lives – be realized.

Complete Assistance in the preparation for the implementation of the SMR/CR can be obtained from us at Complaince Consultant Where we have experience in the banking sector from 2015/2016.

Source by Ashok Priyadarshi Nayak